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J. Korean Home Econ. Assoc > Volume 50(8); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 2012;50(8):97-112. doi: https://doi.org/10.6115/khea.2012.50.8.097
The Influence of Manner Leadership on Happiness of Adolescents
Kyoung A Kim
Sookmyung Global Leadership Institute, Sookmyung Women’s University
Corresponding Author: Kyoung A Kim ,Tel: +82-2-710-9899, Fax: +82-2-2077-7126, Email: kakim@sm.ac.kr
Received: October 15, 2012; Revised: October 15, 2012   Accepted: November 8, 2012.
The purpose of this study is to develop the concept of manner leadership for adolescents based on the manner of the East and leadership of the West. Also, it is to investigate the influence of manner leadership on happiness of adolescents. For this, manner leadership was developed through literature review, focus group interview, empirical study, in-depth interview, exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis. The sub-dimensions of manner leadership consisted of time management, academic performance, goal attainment and citizenship behavior, communication, family relationship, social relationship, image management and conflict resolution. The data were obtained by administering a self-reported questionnaire to high school students residing in Seoul. Statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS and AMOS. The main results of the study can be summarized as follows. First, the level of the adolescents’manner leadership tended to be more than average. In addition, they were good at image management but time management was absolutely lacking among the sub-dimension of manner leadership. On the other hand, it appeared that the adolescents’happiness level was lower than the manner leadership. Second, the result of the study was that the manner leadership was positively correlated with happiness of adolescents. Finally, happiness of adolescents was affected on these variables, such as grade, self-efficacy, emotional intimacy between mother and adolescent, time management, goal attainment, communication, and family relationship. Based on this study, it is expected that the manner leadership programs for enhancing happiness for adolescents would be developed.
Keywords: manner, leadership, happiness
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