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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 2009;47(1):105-113.
아동의 성과 공격성 유형에 따른 사회정보처리과정: 해석단계와 반응결정단계를 중심으로
김지현, 박경자
연세대학교 생활과학연구소, 연세대학교 아동 가족학과
Social Information Processing according to Sex and Types of Aggression of Children
Ji-Hyun Kim, Park, Kyung-Ja
Human Ecology Research Institute, Yonsei University, Department of Child and Family Studies, Yonsei University
The purpose of this study was to explore differences in social information processing according to children's sex and types of aggression in response to instrumental and relational provocation factors. Two hundred and fifty-one 4, 5, and 6 graders were selected from an elementary school in Seoul. To evaluate their social information processing, the Intent Attributions and Feelings of Distress(Crick, 1995; Fitzgerald & Asher, 1987) and Response Decision Instrument(Crick & Werner, 1998) were revised and analyzed. A peer-nomination measure(Crick, 1995; Crick & Grotpeter, 1995) was used to select aggressive groups. Data were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis and multivariate [2(sex: M, F)3(type of aggression: overt, relational, overt and relational aggression)] analysis of variance. Findings revealed that children's social information processing patterns were different according to sex and type of aggression. Also aggressive children responded differently in their social information processing according to instrumental and relational provocation factors. Implications of these findings for the role of gender, aggression type, and provocation type are discussed in order to better understanding of children's social information processing.
Keywords: 사회정보처리과정, social information processing, 외현적 공격성, overt aggression, 관계적 공격성, relational aggression, 도구적 자극, instrumental provocation, 관계적 자극, relational provocation
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